Yourlocation: Home > News > chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid Comparative effects on bile acid kinetics and biliary lipid secretion in humans. Evidence for different modes of action on bile acid synthesis
The effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on biliary lipid secretion and bile acid kinetics were determined in 12 men. For comparison, eight of the subjects were also treated with chenodeoxycholic acid using a crossover study design. The daily dose of each bile acid was 15 mg/kg body wt; each treatment period lasted for 5-6 wk. Kinetics of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid, hepatic secretion rates of biliary lipids, and lipid composition of concentrated fasting duodenal bile were determined before and at the end of each treatment period. The synthesis rates of cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid were increased by approximately 80% and 40%, respectively, during treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid. The fractional catabolic rates of the two bile acids were increased by approximately 50%, whereas the pool sizes remained unchanged. Under similar conditions, administration of chenodeoxycholic acid reduced the pool size as well as the synthesis rate of cholic acid by approximately 70%. Ursodeoxycholic acid reduced the hepatic secretion of cholesterol to a higher extent (approximately 50%) than did chenodeoxycholic acid (approximately 30%). The secretion rates of bile acids and phospholipids remained essentially unchanged during the two treatment periods. Fasting duodenal (gallbladder) bile was unsaturated with cholesterol during both regimens. It is concluded that the two bile acids exert different effects on bile acid metabolism. The enhanced conversion of cholesterol to bile acids observed during ursodeoxycholic acid treatment may at least partly explain why ursodeoxycholic acid can reduce the biliary output of cholesterol without suppressing hepatic cholesterol synthesis.

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